Documentation for variable $_

Documentation for variable $_, assembled from the following types:

language documentation Variables

From Variables

(Variables) variable $_

$_ is the topic variable. It's the default parameter for blocks that do not have an explicit signature, so constructs like for @array { ... } and given $var { ... } bind to $_ by invoking the block.

for <a b c> { say $_ }  # sets $_ to 'a', 'b' and 'c' in turn 
say $_ for <a b c>;     # same, even though it's not a block 
given 'a'   { say $_ }  # sets $_ to 'a' 
say $_ given 'a';       # same, even though it's not a block 

CATCH blocks set $_ to the exception that was caught. The ~~ smart-match operator sets $_ on the right-hand side expression to the value of the left-hand side.

Calling a method on $_ can be shortened by leaving off the variable name:

.say;                   # same as $_.say 

m/regex/ and /regex/ regex matches and s/regex/subst/ substitutions work on $_:

say "Looking for strings with non-alphabetic characters...";
for <ab:c d$e fgh ij*> {
    .say if m/<!alpha>/;
}
 
# OUTPUT: «Looking for strings with non-alphabetic characters... 
#          ab:c 
#          d$e 
#          ij*␤»