routine shell

Documentation for routine shell assembled from the following types:

class Proc

From Proc

(Proc) method shell

method shell($cmd:$cwd = $*CWD:$env --> Bool:D)

Runs the Proc object with the given command and environment which are passed through to the shell for parsing and execution. See shell for an explanation of which shells are used by default in the most common operating systems.

language documentation Independent routines

From Independent routines

(Independent routines) sub shell

multi sub shell($cmd:$in = '-':$out = '-':$err = '-',
                Bool :$binBool :$chomp = TrueBool :$merge,
                Str :$encStr:D :$nl = "\n":$cwd = $*CWD:$env)

Runs a command through the system shell, which defaults to %*ENV<ComSpec> /c in Windows, /bin/sh -c otherwise. All shell meta characters are interpreted by the shell, including pipes, redirects, environment variable substitutions and so on. Shell escapes are a severe security concern and can cause confusion with unusual file names. Use run if you want to be safe.

The return value is of type Proc.

shell 'ls -lR | gzip -9 > ls-lR.gz';

See Proc for more details, for example on how to capture output.