Documentation for routine zip
Documentation for routine zip, assembled from the following types:
sub zip(+, : --> Seq)
Builds a 'list of lists', returned as a sequence, from multiple input lists or other iterables.
zip iterates through each of the input lists synchronously, 'Zipping' them together, so that elements are grouped according to their input list index, in the order that the lists are provided.
say zip(<a b c>, <d e f>, <g h i>);# OUTPUT: «((a d g) (b e h) (c f i))␤»
zip has an infix synonym, the
say <a b c> Z <d e f> Z <g h i>; # same output
zip can provide input to a for loop :
for <a b c> Z <d e f> Z <g h i> -> [,,]# OUTPUT: «a,d,g␤# b,e,h␤# c,f,i␤»
, or more succinctly:
say .join(",") for zip <a b c>, <d e f>, <g h i>; # same output
Note, that if the input lists have an unequal number of elements, then
zip terminates once the shortest input list is exhausted, and trailing elements from longer input lists are discarded.
say <a b c> Z <d e f m n o p> Z <g h i>;# ((a d g) (b e h) (c f i))
In cases where data clipping is possible, but undesired, then consider using roundrobin instead of
with parameter will additionally reduce the zipped lists. For example, the following multiplies corresponding elements together to return a single list of products.
.say for zip <1 2 3>, [1, 2, 3], (1, 2, 3), :with(:<*>);# OUTPUT: «1␤# 8␤# 27␤»
Z form can also be used to perform reduction by implicitly setting the
with parameter with a meta-operator :
.say for <1 2 3> Z* [1, 2, 3] Z* (1, 2, 3); # same output
method zip(Supply , : = &[,] --> Supply)
Creates a supply that emits combined values as soon as there is a new value seen on all of the supplies. By default, Lists are created, but this can be changed by specifying your own combiner with the
:with parameter. The resulting supply is done as soon as any of the given supplies are done. Can also be called as a class method.